Samtskhe-Javakheti, is a region in southern Georgia, formed from the historical provinces of Meskheti (Samtskhe), Javakheti and Tori (Borjomi gorge). The capital and biggest town of Samtskhe-Javakheti is Akhaltsikhe, that means ‘New Castle’ in Georgian. Samtskhe-Javakheti was part of Tao-Klarjeti. It is a mountainous region, bordered by the Arsiani Mountains to the west and the Persati Mountains to the north. The landscape is extremely varied from beautiful lakes and swift flowing rivers to the alpine forests and high mountain meadows around Borjomi and Bakuriani and the bare volcanic canyons of the Vardzia area. Akhaltsikhe is famous of Rabati castle, It was celebrated for its ethnic and religious diversity and tolerance, in a frontier area where different empires, kingdoms and peoples met. Rabati today still has Georgian Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic and Catholic churches, a synagogue and a mosque. From Here you can either continue your way to Vardzia or visit Abastumani resort and then across Goderdzi pass to Adjara.